Mr Richey, the OSCE’s co-ordinator for combatting trafficking in human beings, said the demand for sexual services motivates trafficking.

“Too often efforts are only focused on victim identification or the prosecution of traffickers… if we don’t address demand,

the problem will never, never stop.”

Olena Zaitseva, lawyer at the Centre for Democracy in Kyiv and sexual exploitation expert, said the Irish Government

and wider civil society need to understand Ukrainian culture when it comes to gender-based violence.

“Many Ukrainians have a low level of trust in law enforcement agencies, including the police and state

bodies… they do not perceive the police as helpers.”