Full Name: Shirley Temple Black
Profession: Actress and Diplomat
Shirley Temple was Hollywood’s most famous child star. In films such as “Bright Eyes” (1934), “Curly Top” (1935) and “Heidi” (1937) she dominated the box office in the 1930s. From 1935-1938 she was the leading Hollywood star.
Temple retired from films aged 22. As an adult she developed a television career before becoming active in the Republican Party. Temple became a diplomat, serving as United States Ambassador to Ghana, and later to Czechoslovakia.
She also served as the first female Chief of Protocol of the United States and was in charge of arrangements for President Jimmy Carter‘s inauguration.
Temple is also remembered as one of the first women to speak publicly about breast cancer, calling a press conference from her hospital bed and writing about it in “McCall’s” Magazine.